Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition
Aktham b. Ṣayfī
AkthamEI.pdf Aktham b. á¹¢ayfÄ« b. RiyÄá¸¥ b. al-á¸¤Ärith b. MukhÄshin, AbÅ« á¸¤ayda (or Abu Élá¸¤affÄd, AnsÄb; the verse quoted there is, however, attributed in K. al-MuÊ¿ammarÄ«n, 92, to RabÄ«Éa b. ÉUzayy, also of Usayyid) of the clan of Usayyid, a branch of the tribe of TamÄ«m, was one of the judges of the djÄhiliyya. The biography of Aktham consists mostly of legendary stories. Numerous traditions tell of missions by kings and chiefs to ask advice from him. The utterances of Aktham contain wise sayings about life, friendship, behaviour, virtue, women, etc. His personality as reflected in these sayings may be compared with that of Luá¸³mÄn to whom some of the wise sayings attributed to Aktham are actually attributed in other traditions. Aktham is famous as one of the muÊ¿ammarÅ«n. Muslim tradition tries to bring him into relation with the person of the Prophet and stresses that Aktham approved of Islam; he is even said to have spurred on his people to embrace Islam and to have died as a martyr on his way to the Prophet, but these traditions are certainly spurious. Aktham is said to have had descendants in al-KÅ«fa, particularly the á¸³Äá¸Ä« Yaá¸¥yÄ b. Aktham. (M. J. Kister) Bibliography Naá¸³ÄÊ¾iá¸ of DjarÄ«r and Farazdaá¸³ (Bevan), index BalÄdhurÄ«, AnsÄb al-AshrÄf, Istanbul MS, fols. 964r, 1070r-1075r Ibn á¸¤abÄ«b, Muá¸¥abbar, index SidjistÄnÄ«, K. al-MuÊ¿ammarÄ«n (Goldziher), 9-18 DjÄá¸¥iáº, BayÄn, index Ibn á¸²utayba, MaÊ¿Ärif, Cairo 1935, 35, 130, 240 idem, Ê¿UyÅ«n, index Mubarrad, KÄmil, Cairo 1355, index WashshÄÉ, FÄá¸il, MS Brit. Mus., Or. 6499, fols. 118r, 121r AghÄnÄ«, Tables Ibn ÉAbd Rabbih, Ê¿Iá¸³d, index abbÄ«, FÄkhir (Storey), index Ibn á¸¤azm, Djamharat AnsÄb al-Ê¿Arab, 200 Ibn al-AthÄ«r, Usd, Cairo 1280, i, 111-3 Ibn á¸¤adjar, Iá¹£Äba, no. 482. [Print Version: Volume I, page 345, column 1] Citation: Kister, M. J. âAktham b. á¹¢ayfÄ« b. RiyÄá¸¥ b. al-á¸¤Ärith b. MukhÄshin, AbÅ« á¸¤ayda.â Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Edited by: P. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C.E. Bosworth; E. van Donzel; and W. P. Heinrichs.